A tool aboard the Preservation rover converts Mars' thin carbon-dioxide-rich atmosphere into oxygen. This is the first critical step in the conversion of carbon dioxide to oxygen on Mars. More research needs to be done on this. However, the results we have achieved show our commitment to achieving our goals. NASA spokesman Jim Reuter said that not only people on Earth live on oxygen, but rocket drivers also rely on it.
Almost all of Martian air is carbon dioxide, about 96 percent. On the other hand, the amount of oxygen in the air of Mars is only 0.13 percent. Oxygen content in the Earth's atmosphere is 21 percent.
CNN reported in a report,
"This experiment could transform the path of science fiction into science reality," NASA said in a statement. NASA says their goal is that in the future, when humans go to the Red Planet, instead of taking oxygen from Earth, they will take a more advanced version.
By doing this, the astronauts will be able to meet the demand by creating the necessary oxygen there.
Initially 5 g of oxygen is produced. An astronaut on Mars needs this amount of oxygen to breathe for 10 minutes.