Md. Moshiur Rahman Bipul, Kurigram: In Kurigram, the quality of soil health is under threat due to excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides on competitive agricultural land. It also has a negative impact on the environment and human health. Production costs are also increasing. Farmers in the district are intentionally and irregularly using more fertilizers and pesticides while growing crops and vegetables in the hope of higher yields. In this, the farmers have to pay about three hundred and fifty crore rupees in this sector. This has a negative impact on the environment and surroundings.
In the current season, boro has been planted in Kurigram district on 1 lakh 16 thousand 170 hectares of land. Potatoes have been cultivated in 7 thousand 40 hectares of land and maize in 12 thousand 950 hectares of land. According to the information provided by the farmers, per hectare of land, the cost of using fertilizers and pesticides in Boro plantation is Tk 21 thousand. The total cost is 243 crore 95 lakh 70 thousand taka. The total cost of 50 thousand taka per hectare for potato is 35 crore 20 lakh taka and the total expenditure of 2 thousand taka per hectare for maize is about 19 crore 42 lakh 50 thousand taka. Accordingly, in the current season, approximately three hundred and fifty crores of fertilizers and pesticides will be used on the land for the production of Boro, potatoes, maize, wheat, vegetables, mango sprouts and other crops.
Marginal farmers are frustrated as the price of agricultural inputs increases year by year in the district. They are artificially overusing fertilizers and pesticides in hopes of higher yields to cover costs. In this the land is losing its fertility power. There is a negative impact on biodiversity, including environmental degradation. People are suffering from various diseases including skin.
Farmer Majidul of Karim Kham village in Kurigram municipality said, 'We are applying more fertilizers and pesticides in the hope of more yield.' Kalam, another farmer of this village said, 'We do not understand that much. People give humrao more.
Abdur Rashid, Deputy Director of Agriculture Extension Department, said that farmers are using fertilizers and pesticides as they wish. Due to this, the cost of production is increasing, the quality of the soil is decreasing, the environment and the human body are being adversely affected. However, he said that the agriculture department is working at the field level to discourage the use of more fertilizers and pesticides.